The people who live on 60 percent of the earth’s land mass do not have an adequate professional supply of fuel. However, if a region can provide sufficient fuel:
- cars will be supplied,
- construction machines will be supplied,
- diesel generators will be supplied, and
- agricultural machinery will be operated.
That means: cars and trucks haul building materials,
- using construction machines you can build roads, houses, schools, hospitals and factories,
- modern farming can be carried out using agricultural machinery,
- diesel generators can supply electric power to houses, schools, hospitals and factories,
- electric light, refrigerators, TV, radio and air conditioning units can be operated in the houses,
- electric power and fuel can be supplied to mines and factories for production.
Distances of 250 to 300 kilometres from fuel station to fuel station are not uncommon. The development of technical progress is stagnating in the regions without fuel stations. These regions are falling back more and more and are becoming impoverished.
What are specific African problems?
- Gradations: cities (highly developed), small towns (developed), small villages (underdeveloped),
- long distances,
- bad roads in the bush or in the mountains,
- low demand of fuel in the bush or mountains,
- roads have low load-bearing capacity for vehicles, and
- too few or no roads at all.
In general, large cities and conurbations have sufficient electricity and fuel stations.
Small cities in Africa or Latin America rarely have enough fuel stations and very often power outages. The fuel demand here is approx. 30,000 litres per month. For comparison, in Europe, for example, there is one fuel station every 25 km, in less developed regions every 40 km.
Usually, small villages in Africa or Latin America have no fuel station at all and are usually not connected to the power grid. Distances of 60 to 80 km to the nearest village are not uncommon.
Usually, gravel roads or very bad roads lead to these villages. In addition, fuel consumption is relatively low at 2,000 to 3,000 litres per month. On the Trans Africa Roads, there may also be long distances between fuel station and fuel station. Highly frequented spots can also see a daily consumption of 20,000 to 30,000 litres.
The big problem of the small villages is the low consumption of fuel.
- The transport of fuels by road tanker is unprofitable in this area and extremely time-consuming due to poor roads. A traveling speed of 5-10 km/h is normal. At higher speeds, the tank container can be damaged due to the dynamic vibrations and twisting of the tank truck.
- When storing diesel for more than 6 months, microorganisms can build up—called diesel plague. When storing gasoline for more than 6 months, volatile components may evaporate from the gasoline. Therefore, it is important to keep a maximum of 3 months of fuel in stock. Only a month is better.
- Krampitz developed an alternative supply concept for these regions:
CENTAUR for the smallest villages
COMPACT for large villages, cities and crossroads of important roads
UNIVERSAL for large cities and the peripheries of these cities